The application of machine learning algorithms in medical imaging has revolutionized the field of radiology by enabling accurate and efficient detection of abnormalities in various organs, including the brain and lungs. This cutting-edge technology utilizes sophisticated computational techniques to analyze and interpret complex medical images, assisting healthcare professionals in making timely and precise diagnoses.
This research centers on the detection of abnormalities in brain images, such as tumors, lesions, and other neurological disorders. MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) and CT (Computed Tomography) scans provide detailed cross-sectional views of the brain, offering crucial insights into its structural and functional aspects. Machine learning algorithms, particularly deep learning approaches like Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), have demonstrated remarkable success in accurately identifying abnormal patterns, even in the early stages of disease progression. The study explores various algorithmic architectures, training strategies, and data preprocessing techniques to optimize the diagnostic performance of these models.
In the context of lung imaging, machine learning algorithms play a vital role in diagnosing lung-related abnormalities, particularly focusing on conditions like lung cancer, pneumonia, and other respiratory disorders. Chest X-rays and CT scans are the primary imaging modalities used to visualize the lungs. By leveraging pattern recognition and feature extraction capabilities, machine learning models can assist radiologists in detecting and classifying abnormalities with enhanced sensitivity and specificity. The research also delves into the integration of AI-powered systems with radiology workflows to improve diagnostic accuracy and streamline the overall healthcare process.